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Dysphagia

Updated Fact Sheets on Swallowing and Voice Disorders Now Available

Updated fact sheets on dysphagia, a swallowing disorder, and spasmodic dysphonia and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, two voice disorders, are now available in print and online on the NIDCD website.

Dysphagia can result from cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, head injury, and other conditions that weaken or damage the muscles and nerves used for swallowing. It happens most frequently in older adults. Read the fact sheet.

Spasmodic dysphonia is a neurological disorder affecting the voice muscles in the larynx, or voice box. The muscles inside the vocal folds experience sudden involuntary movements—called spasms—which interfere with the ability of the folds to vibrate and produce voice. Read the fact sheet.

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a disease in which tumors grow in the air passages leading from the nose and mouth into the lungs. Their presence in the larynx can interfere with the normal vibrations of the vocal folds, causing hoarseness, which is the most common symptom. Read the fact sheet.

NIDCD and NCI Collaborate to Update Booklet on Cancer of the Larynx

The NIDCD and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) recently updated What You Need to Know About Cancer of the Larynx. This patient education booklet describes how a laryngeal cancer patient can work with a team of specialists to devise a plan of medical care tailored to his or her needs. Also, it helps prepare patients for the effects of laryngeal cancer and its treatment, and provides tips for managing problems they may have with speaking and swallowing. Find the electronic versions on the NCI website or request a print copy by calling 1-800-4-CANCER (1–800–422–6237).